19th century Art from Classicism to Romanticism
The National Gallery’s Collection of 19th-Century Art has opened a new exhibition of 19th-century art in the newly-reconstructed Salm Palace on Hradčanské Square. The exhibition presents the most important examples of Czech painting and sculpture in the period from classicism to romanticism. The selected artworks, complemented by representative pieces on loan from important institutions and private collections, are arranged into several parts each focusing on a particular style, theme or artist. Czech art formed an inseparable part of the Central-European artistic sphere, and its points of departure, criteria and evaluation were closely connected with both the art scene and the institutions in Vienna and the artistic centres in Germany. For this reason, canvases by German and Austrian artists are an integral part of the exhibition. The character of the presented collection and the works’ small formats create a harmonious whole with the neoclassicist palace and the historical furnishing of its interiors.
Visitors can look forward to viewing the most important paintings by František Tkadlík, Antonín Machek, Josef Navrátil, August Piepenhagen, or a representative collection of paintings by members of the Mánes family highlighted by the works of Josef Mánes. Haushofer’s school of landscape painting is represented in works by Adolf Kosárek, Bedřich Havránek, Alois Bubák and others. Paintings by the students of Ruben’s school of historical painting will guide the viewer through both Czech and European history. Sections on Austrian and German painting include famous canvases by Caspar David Friedrich, Johann Christian C. Dahl, Carl Spitzweg, Christian Morgenstern, Carl Rottmann, Friedrich Amerling, and Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller, testifying to the mutual artistic relations within Central-European cultural space. The exhibition presents a broad selection of sculptures by Václav Prachner, Václav Levý, the brothers Josef and Emanuel Max and others.
The spaces on the ground floor of the Salm Palace are designed for temporary exhibitions. Here, visitors will find storage study room where they can participate in accompanying programmes organized by the education department. These programmes allow visitors to peek into the gallery’s backstage and study artworks on storage racks, the way they are kept in the storage at the National Gallery. A large space is dedicated to the education department’s interactive studio, the lecture hall and the art studio. Seniors can borrow light folding stools that will make their visit of our new exhibition more enjoyable.
The second part of the permanent exhibition entitled Art of the 19th Century from Realism to Modernism will open in spring 2015 on the 4th floor of the Veletržní Palace. The exhibition will introduce works by artists who went to Paris to study and to be inspired in this new European artistic centre of the second half of the 19th century. In addition to canvases by realists such as Karel Purkyně, Soběslav H. Pinkas and Viktor Barvitius, which have already been on display in the Veletržní Palace, visitors will see paintings by Antonín Chittussi, Jaroslav Čermák, as well as works from members of the so-called generation of the National Theatre, such as Václav Brožík, Vojtěch Hynais and Julius Mařák. The art of the late 19th century is represented by Maximilian Pirner, Beneš Knüpfer and Jakub Schikaneder. The exhibition concludes with canvases by students of Mařák’s school of landscape painting lead by the works of Antonín Slavíček.