The exhibition is organised by:
The Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic and the National Gallery in Prague
in collaboration with the Moravian Museum in Brno, Museum of Art in Olomouc, Homeland Studies Museum in Olomouc, and the Institute of Slavonic Studies of the Academy of the Sciences of the Czech Republic.
The exhibition is held under the auspices of Miloš Zeman, President of the Czech Republic.
Exhibition concept: Luděk Galuška (The Moravian Museum in Brno), Štěpánka Chlumská (The National Gallery in Prague), Simona Jemelková (Museum of Art in Olomouc), Vladimír Vavřínek (Institute of Slavonic Studies of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic), Vít Vlnas (The National Gallery in Prague) with the assistance of Václav Čermák (Institute of Slavonic Studies of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic), Hana Dvořáková (The Moravian Museum in Brno), Filip Hradil (The Regional Museum in Olomouc), and Jiří Glonek (Scientific Library in Olomouc)
Curators: Štěpánka Chlumská (The National Gallery in Prague) in collaboration with Luděk Galuška (The Moravian Museum in Brno) and Simona Jemelková (Museum of Art in Olomouc)
Architectural design: ROHÁČ STRATIL, architectural studio
Graphic design and illustrations: Robert Jansa, Petr Bosák
Illustrations: Martin Kubát
Educational programmes: Education Department of the Collection of Old Masters
Location: The National Gallery in Prague– Collection of Old Masters – Convent of St. Agnes of Bohemia
Dates: November 1, 2013 – February 2, 2014
Symbolically called CM 863, and subtitled Saints Cyril and Methodius. History – Tradition – Veneration, it forms part of the celebrations of the 1150th anniversary of the arrival of Cyril (Constantine) and Methodius in Great Moravia in 863, held under the patronage of the UNESCO.
The title of the exhibition CM 863 commemorates the year of the arrival of the Byzantine mission in Great Moravia. The Byzantine mission was realised at the request of Prince Rastislav of Great Moravia. Emperor Michael III entrusted the Moravian mission in the hands of respected figures - Constantine (827/828-869, later adopted the name Cyril) and his elder brother Methodius (c. 813-885). The two brothers carried out a project that had no parallel in mediaeval Europe of the time, for they had created a new liturgical language which enabled the Slavs to understand the divine service without the knowledge of Latin or Greek. Likewise, they created a new script to transcribe the language - Glagolitic. The two brothers translated not only the Gospels into that language, but also a number of other liturgical and legal texts. The translated texts of the Gospels were recognized and approved by the Pope, as was the new Slavonic liturgical language. Methodius was appointed apostolic legate for all Slavic countries, and archbishop in the archdioceses of Pannonia and Moravia, later on. The two brothers thus achieved a unique accomplishment in Moravia, which had numerous followers and thanks to them it had survived even the times of dramatic political turns in Europe of the Early Middle Ages. The Cyrillo-Methodian heritage became deeply rooted in our lands. Thanks to monuments of material culture it is thus possible to follow the changes of the form of the Cyrillo-Methodian cult and its social roles from the Middle Ages up to the present time.
Both the historical context of the Cyrillo-Methodian mission in Great Moravia, and the tradition of the cult of Sts. Cyril and Methodius in the Czech lands are followed by the concept of the exhibition CM 863. Saints Cyril and Methodius. History – Tradition – Veneration.
It arose from an impulse provided by the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic, to join the exhibitions opened in Brno and Olomouc in the spring of this year. Moravian Museum in Brno organised an exhibition based on the history of the Cyrillo-Methodian mission (Cyril and Methodius, Era, Life, Work, March – September 2013), whereas the Museum of Art in Olomouc, in collaboration with the Regional Museum in Olomouc, devoted their efforts to the Cyrillo-Methodian tradition in the material culture of the Czech Lands (Between East and West. Saints Cyril and Methodius in the Culture of the Czech Lands, April – August 2013).
Held in the unique Gothic spaces of the Convent of St. Agnes of Bohemia, this exhibition adopts the cores of both the displays, at the same time visibly enriching them by the monuments of Cyrillo-Methodian cult related to Bohemia. The exhibition is divided into nine sections: 1. The Beginnings of Christianity in Great Moravia, 2. The Byzantine Mission in Great Moravia, 3. The Slavonic Church in Great Moravia, 4. Church Architecture in Great Moravia, 5. Old Slavonic Literature Introduced by Cyril and Methodius, 6. The Tomb and the Relics, 7. Cyrillo-Methodian Tradition in the Seats of Metropolitans: Olomouc and Prague, 8. Cyrillo-Methodian Legacy and the Pilgrimage Tradition: Velehrad and Stará Boleslav, 9. Cyrillo-Methodian Tradition in the Material Culture of the Czech Lands.
These nine basic sections, introduced by accompanying texts, clearly divide the varied exhibition collection numbering over 250 works. Those include archaeological finds, monuments of sculpture, painting, book culture, arts and crafts, literature, and architecture. In its extent, this is one of the largest exhibitions on Cyrillo-Methodian themes.
The introductory parts are devoted to historical circumstances and material culture of Great Moravia before the Cyrillo-Methodian mission, and during its activity. Behind the choice of the exhibits there was an effort to present the character of material culture in 9th-century Great Moravia in a brief, but complex way. Likewise exhibited are, however, objects earlier in date, yet related to the main theme. In several dozens of exhibits the viewer encounters artefacts proving not only the material culture of the elites of Great Moravia, but likewise and particularly, proofs of the gradual Christianization and the evolution of Christianity at the time of the Cyrillo-Methodian mission. The exhibited collection of works of art from the Moravian Museum in Brno, the Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic in Brno, and other lenders presents in its entirety the results of specialist research into the problems of Great Moravia. Precious archaeological finds and models of structures of that period in Mikulčice and Veligrad (Staré Město and Uherské Hradiště) also reveal ecclesiastical architecture of Great Moravia.
Likewise represented are the ecclesiastical architecture of Great Moravia and Old Slavonic Cyrillo-Methodian literature. The main exhibits of the introductory part include unique archaeological finds from the collections of the Moravian Museum in Brno and from the Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of the Czech Republic in Brno. It is followed by the section devoted to reverence for relics, with the precious reliquaries containing the relics of Sts. Cyril and Methodius. The theme of tradition is represented by works proving the Cyrillo-Methodian cult in the material culture of the Czech lands from the Middle Ages to the present time. This most numerous part of the exhibition includes, among others, a closer view of the nature of the Cyrillo-Methodian cult in the seats of the Moravian and Bohemian metropolitans – in Olomouc and in Prague, likewise presenting important monuments linked to the pilgrimage traditions in Velehrad and Stará Boleslav.
This section is followed by the part devoted to Old Slavonic Cyrillo-Methodian literature. Thanks to the friendly collaboration with the library of the National Museum, the visitors will have a chance to see the originals of a number of rare manuscripts coming from the 13th and 14th centuries (The Strumica [Macedonian] Apostle, Emmaus Fragment and others).
The subsequent section, related to the reverence for the precious reliquaries containing the relics of Sts. Cyril and Methodius, presents Baroque and neo-Gothic objects, displayed thanks to the loans from ecclesiastical property, which, according to Baroque tradition conceal those relics.
The theme, characterised by the term tradition, is represented by works proving the Cyrillo-Methodian cult in the material culture of the Czech lands from the Middle Ages to the present time. This most numerous part of the exhibition presents, among others, also a closer view of the character of the Cyrillo-Methodian cult in the seats of Moravian and Bohemian metropolitans – Olomouc and Prague, focusing on monuments related to the pilgrimage tradition in Velehrad and Stará Boleslav. The latter place is linked to St. Methodius through the reverence for the Palladium of Bohemia. The importance of the memorable Velehrad is illustrated by works connected to the Cyrillo-Methodian millennia celebrations and the pilgrimage tradition of Velehrad in the 19th and 20th centuries (J. Matejko, A. R. Tchořová). In Olomouc and in Prague, Sts. Cyril and Methodius were revered not only as the patron saints of the country, but also as the first metropolitans.
The earliest exhibits of this part are mediaeval paintings (Votive Panel from Dubeček, Missal of Johánek of Bludov), whereas the latest are represented by works of Cyrillo-Methodian iconography linked to the decoration of sacral interiors, public buildings and spaces in Olomouc and Prague of the 19th and 20th centuries, such as the adornment of Olomouc churches (J. Köhler), of the Cathedral of St. Vitus in Prague (A. Mucha, F. Sequens), of the newly-built church in Karlín (J. Mánes, M. Pirner), of the National Museum (F. Ženíšek), or the sculptural group on Charles Bridge (K. Dvořák). The exhibition ends with the part mapping the transformations of the Cyrillo-Methodian iconography, and its historical relations to arts and crafts, book culture, period prints, numismatics, and folk art.
An inherent section of the exhibition comprises the viewing route designed for children, abundantly illustrated by M. Kubát. Apart from this offer, intended for both individual viewings by families with younger school-age children, and school groups, a number of accompanying programmes have been prepared, organised by the Education Department of the National Gallery in Prague
On the occasion of this exhibition, the National Gallery in Prague published a guide to the exhibition (120 pages, coloured illustrations). This guide follows the exhibition catalogues published to accompany the exhibitions in Brno and Olomouc, mentioned earlier.
Concept of the accompanying educational programme in the exhibition spaces: Štěpánka Chlumská and Terezie Šiková, with a contribution by Alena Kingham
Authors of the texts: Václav Čermák, Markéta Dlábková, Hana Dvořáková, Luděk Galuška, Štěpánka Chlumská, Simona Jemelková, Alena Kingham, Šárka Leubnerová, Tereza Novotná, Zuzana Novotná, Lenka Pastyříková, Vít Pelc, Terezie Šiková, Petr Šámal, Blahoslav Uhrovič, Vladimír Vavřínek, Vít Vlnas
Translation: Kateřina Hilská, Linda Leffová
The organisers of the exhibition would like to thank for their support to all the lenders, owners of copyrights, specialist consultants and collaborators: Archbishopric of Prague, Archbishopric of Olomouc; Archaeological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Brno; Archives of Prague Castle; Faculty of Theology of Sts. Cyril and Methodius, Olomouc; Gallery of Modern Art, Hradec Králové; Pavel Hřebíček; Library of the National Museum, Prague; Collegiate Chapter of Sts. Cosmas and Damian in Stará Boleslav; Convent of the Brothers Hospitallers Order of St. John of God – Brothers of Mercy in Brno; Royal Canonry of the Premonstratensians in Strahov, Prague; Mariánské Lázně, Park Boheminium; Municipal Museum in Klobouky u Brna; Moravian Gallery in Brno; Jan Möller; National Library of the Czech Republic, Prague; National Museum, Prague; Institute of the National Heritage, Prague; Nitra Region Museum, Nitra; Roman Catholic Parish Benešov; Roman Catholic Parish of St. Maurice in Kroměříž; Roman Catholic Parish of St. Maurice in Olomouc; Roman Catholic Parish Nová Hradečná; Roman Catholic Parish Přemyslovice; Roman Catholic Parish of St. Wenceslas in Olomouc; Roman Catholic Parish at the Church of Our Lady Before Týn, Prague-Old Town; Roman Catholic Parish Řevnice; Roman Catholic Parish Sázava-Černé Budy; Roman Catholic Parish Uničov; Roman Catholic Parish Velehrad; Roman Catholic Parish Velký Týnec; Museum of Moravian Slovakia, Uherské Hradiště; private collectors; Ivan Theimer; Institute of Archeology and Museology of the Faculty of Philosophy of Masaryk University, Brno; Scientific Library in Olomouc; Land Archives Opava
Restoration and preservation of the exhibits: Marie Dočekalová, Marie Foltýnová, Jarmila Franková, Ivan Houska, Kristýna Karlíková, Jiří a Vendula Látalovi, Vítek Mudruňka, Alois Póč
Production: Nelly Pompeová
Promotion and marketing: Petra Schmalzová, Tomáš Krejča
Realisation and installation of the exhibition: Remy design s.r.o. and the installation crew of the National Gallery in Prague
Lighting: Václav Kubela
Major partner: Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic
Partners: Railreklam, JCDecaux, Public Transport Company Prague, City Council of the Capital of Prague, Prague Information Service, Archbishopric of Prague
Media partners: Czech Television, Czech Radio, Prague Events Calendar, Anopress IT
Technology partner: Samsung
Open daily, except Mondays, from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.
Klášter sv. Anežky České
U Milosrdných 17
110 00 Prague 1
Basic: 130 CZK
Reduced: 60 CZK
Family ticket: 200 CZK
In the course of the exhibition, advantageous joint admission fees are offered for viewing both the exhibition and the permanent collection
Basic: 230 CZK
Reduced: 110 CZK
Family ticket: 320 CZK
Educational programmes within the framework of CM 863.
14. 11. The Way of the Brothers from Thessalonica (history of the mission) - Alena Kingham
This commented viewing of the exhibition CM 863 will acquaint the visitors with the life stories of these apostles, likewise outlining the cultural and political atmosphere of Europe of that time.
Price: admission to the lecture: 80 CZK, 50 CZK students, senior citizens, 40 CZK SPNG members / Date: Thursday, Nov. 14, 4.30 p.m.
28. 11. „Naked Are the Nations without Books“ (literary contribution of the Cyrillo-Methodian mission) - Alena Kingham
This commented viewing of the exhibition CM 863 CM 863, whose title is a quote from Constantine‘s Proglas, will focus on the literary heritage of Great Moravia, and its later echoes.
Price: admission to the lecture: 80 CZK, 50 CZK students, senior citizens, 40 CZK SPNG members Date: Thursday Nov. 28, 4.30 p.m.
8.12. Charles IV and a Return to the Cyrillo-Methodian Tradition - Martina Bartošová
This commented viewing of the exhibition CM 863 and the lecture focus on works connected with the Cathedral of St. Vitus and Gothic panel paintings (Crucifixion from Emmaus Monastery, Votive panel from Dubeček)
Price: admission to the lecture: 80 CZK, 50 CZK students, senior citizens, 40 CZK SPNG members Date: Sunday Dec. 8, 3 p.m.
15. 12. Reflection of the Cyrillo-Methodian Tradition by the Generation of the National Theatre - Martina Bartošová
This commented viewing of the exhibition CM 863 is devoted to the works of M. Aleš, M. Pirner, F. Ženíšek, and H. Schwaiger
Price: admission to the lecture: 80 CZK, 50 CZK students, senior citizens, 40 CZK SPNG members Date: Sunday Dec. 15, 3 p.m.
Weekend workshops for children (6-14 years) and parents, accompanying the exhibition C&M 863 at the Convent of St. Agnes of Bohemia
SAT. Nov. 9, 10:30 a. m. and 2:30 p. m. The Way of the Scripture
SAT. Nov. 30, 10:30 a. m. and 2:30 p. m. Secrets Concealed under the Ground
SAT. Jan. 18, 10:30 a. m. and 2:30 p. m. “Naked Are the Nations without Books“
SAT. Feb. 1, 10:30 a. m. and 2:30 p. m. In Quest of Knowledge (and Amusement) with Cyril and Methodius
Necessary reservation a fortnight before the date or after receiving an invitation card. To book and receive an invitation card we require these data: name and year of birth of the child, name of the parent, e-mail address, phone. Price 90 CZK per person. Place of meeting: booking office of the Convent of St. Agnes. Info: firstname.lastname@example.org or phone numbers 221 879 225 (216, 237)
Press report dated October 31, 2013
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